Utilities: Mail

Mail The general syntax for command-line mail is: mail [-s subject] [-c CC to] [-b BCC to] some_address@some.host The command mail issued by itself opens a mail session, prints out message headers and lets you read, page through messages and delete them.   Reading Mail Start reading your messages by issuing the command: print or …

Utilities: FTP

In the world of Windows, we’re accustomed to installing programs for specific functions, like FTP, email, and Secure Shell connections. With Linux and Unix, utilities are provided with the operating system, and are easily invoked from the command line. ftp The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) utility is an easy way to transfer files between computers.  All …

Bash Basics

What Makes Up Bourne and Bash The Binaries /bin/bash /bin/sh The Bourne and bash executables   Environment Files You may have some, any or all of these, and possibly more, depending on your Linux/Unix. They are parsed or used in generally this order: /etc/profile The system-wide initialization file, executed automatically on the user’s initial login. …

User Default Files

When a new user is created, the default files and directories that are created are stored in /etc/skel. This directory can be modified to fit your needs. Modifications will only affect new users; they do not change anything for existing users.